Volume 3, no. 1, 2005

Emergency Powers in Nigeria: Legal and Constitutional Issues

by Mojeed A. Alabi

Five years into the new democratic experiment, and 42 years after a similar exercise ignited a chain of constitutional and political crises that culminated in the abrupt termination of the First Republic, ushering in a long period of military interregnum, the President of Nigeria invoked the provisions of one of the few 'special' clauses in the Constitution to proclaim a state of emergency in Plateau, one of the thirty-six states comprising the fragile and crises-prone Federation of Nigeria.

The Politics Of Restructuring The Postcolonial Nigerian Federation
by Razaq A. Adefulu

From an historical-descriptive framework, this paper analyses the contentious issues at the heart of the politics of restructuring the lopsided Nigerian federation. Drawing from extant works on Nigeria's constitutional history, the paper provides an overview of the shortcomings of colonial constitutions which failed to recognize Nigeria's diversity, thus setting the stage for postcolonial violent politics of restructuring the Nigerian State.

From Native Administration To Local Government: Is There A System Of Local Government In Nigeria?
by Ayandiji Daniel Aina, Ph.D.

This paper examines the transformation of government and administration at the local (grassroots) level in Nigeria. It seeks to answer a major question; Is there a system of Local government in Nigeria? This major poser provokes several other questions including the following: What are the various developmental stages of local government in Nigeria? Are there constitutional provisions in support of government at the grassroots? How adequate are they? If adequate, are they faithfully implemented? If not, how weak has the implementation been so far?

Federal Character Principle and National Integration in Nigeria
by Emmanuel O. Ojo

One major contentious issue in Nigeria's convoluting federalism currently is the issue of equitable power and resources distribution. Like virtually all other multi-nationality states, Nigeria is faced with the problem of 'in equality. This paper examines the effort of public policy makers vis-à-vis the implementation of federal character principle towards the attainment of national integration. Using data retrieval technique, the paper discovers that Nigerians lack federal temperament and spirit required for the success of federal character principle application.

An Evaluation of The Regional Variations in The Impact Of Wage Restructure on Health Care
Resource Usage: A Socio-economic Perspective
by Solomon A Adebola

A situation of wage differentials often exists even among workers in similar job descriptions and working environments. Recent studies have shown that the level of productivity by such workers, who are considered to be an abstract factor of production, could to a large extent, be a direct function of the level of wages they receive. This paper seeks to investigate the impact of the 1999 government wage restructuring in the country on the level of productivity in different socio-economic regions, using the Lagos State Health Care delivery sector as a case study.

The State And Nigerian Agriculture: From "Operation Feed The Nation" To The 'Green Revolution And Beyond'
by Derin K. Ologbenla

This paper seeks to analyze with data the role which the State has played in Nigerian agriculture from 1975/76 to 1985/86. A short review of the preceding period is made in order to highlight the background to the main analysis. Secondly, partly from these analyses, this paper also focuses generally on the transformation of the Nigerian economy and polity in the 1970s and early 1980s. This process of transformation has a profound impact on the role of the state in Nigerian agriculture. The analysis of the process of economic and political transformation is primarily conducted by studying the nation's agricultural policies as outlined in the National Development Plans and the changing role of the Federal Government which emerged after the Civil War.