Volume 3, no. 2, 2005

Islam's Influence on the Rate of HIV/AIDS in West Africa

by Alida Meghji

Since its detection in the early 1980s, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) have become a global epidemic that is spreading rapidly across continents, countries, age groups and socio-economic classes. While the AIDS epidemic is not restricted to the world's poorest countries, there are tens of millions of individuals infected with the disease living in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Sustainable Economic Development
by Rukayat O. Yussuf

Nigeria's huge external debt burden constitutes a major impediment to the revitalization of its shattered economy as well as the alleviation of debilitating poverty. The traditional debt indicators analyzed indicate that debt profile started deteriorating during the second half of the eighties. High annual debt service payments have constrained government's ability to finance vitally-needed investment in poverty reduction and infrastructure.

Nigeria: A Credibility Crisis for Traditionalist and Behaviorist Arguments?
by Michael Abiodun Oni

The voting pattern among the Yorubas of the Southwest Nigeria has been largely regular over the years: 1959, 1979, 83, 93 and 99. It has been monolithic in favor of parties or candidates with late Chief Obafemi Awolowo's antecedents. These consistencies must have informed series of attempts which were analyzed and published in the nation's media: newspapers, magazines, radio and televisions to predict the outcome of the 2003 elections in the geo political zone.

Indiscipline in Political Parties: Bane of Democratic Consolidation and Good Governance in Nigeria.
by Patrick O. Oviasuyi & Vincent Erukainure

Indiscipline in Political Parties is inimical to democratic consolidation and good governance in Nigeria. This article looks at the reasons and gives examples of actions of indiscipline in Political Parties in Nigeria. It recommends that: the party must be superior to all its members, funding of the party should never be on individualistic principles, the party constitution must be strictly adhered to, and above all, proper party education must be given to all the members of the party. The paper concludes that urgent and prompt steps must be taken to check the ugly trends of indiscipline in political parties in Nigeria in order to prevent the truncation of the democratic process by the military as before.

A Critical Examination of 'grassroots' Broadcasting in Nigeria
by Lai Oso

This paper examines Grassroots broadcasting in Nigeria. Recognizing the assertion that radio is acclaimed to be the most effective means of mass communication in Nigeria, it explores the rationale behind the proliferation of many FM stations in Nigeria. It concludes that the desire of the government to maintain control of grassroots broadcasting which can hardly be achieved by the FRCN "octopus" is the raison detre.

The Role of Personnel Department in the University of Benin
by Stanley Aibieyi

This study focuses on the role of Personnel Department in human resources management in the University of Benin. The purpose of the study is to find out the extent, the Personnel Department of the University of Benin has been
performing in human resources management in terms of its goals and objectives. It assesses the major functions of personnel department such as recruitment, selection, placement, general procedure for employment. Other areas examined are annual performance appraisal, wages and salary administration, benefits and welfare services.

Military Rule Versus Civil Rule: Nigeria in Search of Political Stability and Good Governance
by Dhikru Adewale Yagboyaju

Nigeria's search for political stability and good governance dates back to its immediate post-independence years. The Tafawa Balewa regime which took over from the departing colonialists was overthrown in a military coup led by Major Kaduna Nzeogwu in 1966. Ever since, the country has been ruled by both the civilians and the military, Nigerian has been travelling in the sea of political uncertainty. In between this tortuous journey which has lasted almost five decades, the country has witnessed several positive and negative landmarks in its political development process. These included a civil war between 1967 and 1970, military coups and counter coups, elections fraught with various malpractices, annulled elections, increase in oil revenue which has worsened extravagance and
profligacy in government and several others.

Instability in South Saharan Africa: Colonial Legacy or Bad Governance?
by Emmanuel G.K. George

In the last twenty five years, there has been a proliferation of civil war, ethnic violence and genocide in South Saharan Africa. In addition there is, on a daily basis, threats of violent conflict erupting in the region. Western media is replete with coverage of limbless young men and women, homeless people, orphans, massive movement of people from conflict areas, warlords that appear determined to carry out some senseless agenda, etc… from Darfur in the Sudan to Freetown, Sierra Leone.

Traditional Medicine and Health Communication in Nigeria
by Jimi Kayode

Traditional Medicine and Health Communication in Nigeria, typified by the medical culture of the Hausa, Ibo and Yoruba was based on a comprehensive foundation of folklore and knowledge concerning all kinds of diseases and their management. Some (if not all) people consult the traditional practitioners who had always occupied important positions in their communities.

Two Faces of a Power Relation: A Symbiosis of Imperialism and Terrorism
by Adoyi Onoja

Could terrorism and imperialism be viewed as the different faces of the same coin? The coin being the power relation between the two blocs: one representing the weak and the other the strong? Has imperialism, from its antecedence, not been driven by the perceived strength of the state in question? Has terrorism, in its manifestation, not served as a counter weapon of the weak to redress the perceived imbalance stemming from the excesses of the strong? Is terrorism, irrational and heinous, as it is made to look like today?

Political Parties and Ideology in Nigeria: The Case of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP)
by Derin K. Ologbenla and Daniel Nwomeh

As is typical of party based democracy in Nigeria, the PDP like the rival ANPP and AD and others are presently enmeshed in varying degrees of internal crises arising essentially from irreconcilable differences over the distribution of state munificence instead of ideological priorities and the high-minded affairs of public good. As the enormity of problems thrown up by recent military rule threatens to go out of hand and imperil the present democracy, it is impossible to determine the articulated position of any political party on the resolution of any burning national issue. The competence and effectiveness of the institutional parties have been debilitation, while politicians behave as if the party boundaries are hardly in existence.