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Indiana University Kokomo
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Volume 6 1&2, 2008

Rejuvenating Community Spirit For Accelerated Socio-economic Development

by Ayo Olukotun, Ph.D

This paper discusses within the broad matrix of employing culture as a tool of political and economic development, of community spirit in the search for accelerated social and economic development. The paper is premised on the position that culture is the incarnation and expression of a people's entire way of life as they confront the challenges, political, economic, ecological and social, of their respective environment. The throes of incomplete modernization and the psycho-spiritual aftermath of colonization which taught the colonized to regard their culture as exotic or somehow inferior have resulted in an attitude which equates culture with colorful displays and arresting dancing styles. If culture must be pressed into the service of political and economic development, it must first be liberated from a mind-set which views it as either anachronistic or the shameful or merely picturesque relic of an unhappy past. For, one of the high points of rapid economic development in the contemporary Asian world is the meshing growth with the preservation of culture or put differently, the employment of cultural attributes and values to jumpstart hitherto laggard economies. .

Attaining The Millennium Development Goals In A Weak State: The Nigerian Example
by Dhikru Adewale Yagboyaju, Ph.D

Public policies are the outcome of decisions taken by government, at various levels, on serious and sensitive issues of general interest. In other words, public policies are outputs of the decision-making organs or processes of political systems. This, in a way, means that the public policy cycle in a country can be used to assess the character of the state and the performances of successive regimes. In the light of the foregoing, this paper examines the correlation between the nature of the Nigerian state and its capability to attain the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The paper adopts an eclectic framework of analysis, which emphasizes the lack of autonomy and functionality on the part of the Nigerian state, to explain the theoretical functionality on the part of the Nigerian state, to explain the theoretical functionality on the part of the Nigerian state, to explain the theoretical underpinnings of the problematic. It discovers that most public institutions in the country are weak. Therefore, they lack the capability to perform their essential roles in formulating and implementing policies that would enhance the attainment of the MDGs. The paper suggests the strengthening of public institutions with the active collaboration of the civil society as a way out. (pg 8).

Ethnic Cleansing In Sudan: A Narrative Overview of The Killing Field of Darfur
by Dapo T. Falade, PhD

In early 2003, two loosely allied rebel groups known as (1) the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) (different from the SPLA) and (2) the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), attacked military installations in the western region of Sudan (Darfur). The groups were seeking to end the chronic economic and political marginalization of the region. And also to protect their homelands and communities from a twenty-year military campaign by a Government sponsored militias of mostly Arab extraction in Darfur and neighboring Chad. These militias known as the Janjaweed have over the years enjoyed increased government support to clear civilians from areas considered to be disloyal to the central government in Khartoum. Military attacks and a scorched-earth government offensive have created a massive displacement, reckless killings, looting, mass rape and a de facto ethnic cleansing of Sudanese of black African descent by the government backed Arab-Sudanese militias and regular Sudanese government forces.

This paper posits that war is inflicting an irreparable damage on the delicate ethnic balance of seven million people who are predominantly Muslim. Like most crisis in Africa, the implication of Darfur crisis most certainly ensure an all out full scale civil war in Sudan with grave consequence on the entire North African Region. For example, the conflict has already displaced over 1 million people according the United Nations and caused a cross-border refugee influx of about 250,000 to the neighboring Chad.

An Analysis of Female Research Attainment In Nigerian Universities
by Christianna O. Ogbogu, PhD and Ezaena J. Erero, PhD

This study examined the research output of female staff and the factors which affect their research attainment in the Nigerian university system. The study was carried out with a view to promoting strategies which will enhance productive and increased research output of females in Nigerian universities. The study adopted the survey research design. The purposive sampling method was used in administering questionnaires on 381 female academic staff from twelve randomly selected universities in the six geo-political zones of Nigeria. The study revealed that female research output was generally low. Regarding publications, it was found that 59.5% of female academics published a paper annually, 23.6% published up to two papers, 1.1% published three papers, while 15.8% did not publish on an annual basis. Although a higher percentage of the female academic staff published annually, they wished they could increase their publication rate. It was found that marital status, religion, academic positions and number of hours of lectures per week impact on their ability to carry out research and publish the results. The study concluded that female academics made modest contributions to teaching than research and that there is need for the Nigerian university system to develop strategies that would enhance female research output. (pg 32).

From Administration To Management: The State And Public Sector Performance In Nigeria
by Quadri, Maryam Omolara

Much of the public sector's growth over the past century has been attributed to increases in the social and economic complexity of modern life. As long as government was small, public management was defined as basically administration i.e. the exercise of public authority in accordance with fixed systems of rules. However, with the growing complexities of modern society the search for the way to improve the efficiency of the public sector becomes an imperative. The framework towards the public management approach is part of the general process of public sector reform, searching for greater efficiency in the delivery of goods and services by the state. This paper examines the arguments for the application of management techniques into public bureaucracy through reforms and its implications for socio-economic development in Nigeria and concludes that with the right orientation in the new content of development, bureaucracy can be geared to the responsibility of development.

Socio-economic Reforms And The Future of Nigerian State
by Adeoye Ologuntoye Akinola

Nigeria, despite her enormous resources, was one of the poorest states in the world: the masses were downwardly-mobile, bribery and corruption became a culture, and mismanagement characterized the private sectors. The need for socio-economic "Surgical operation", immediately a democratically elected government assumed leadership in 1999, could not be compromised. The paper reviews the "imported" socio-economic reforms, managed by the Economic Team, under Obasanjo's administration to redress Nigeria's woos, reclaims her lost glory, restores hope in the society, and digs deeply if these goals were achieved. The study takes cognizance of the imperialistic drives of the reforms, and tackles the following questions: Whose ideas were the reforms? What does the future hold for Nigerian state amidst these reforms? Have the reforms brought back hope in the polity? Were the reforms channeled towards the elevation of the lives of an average Nigerian, or to satisfy the exploitative urge of the neo-imperial powers and the petty-bourgeoisies? The paper rolls out a road-map towards the successful formulation and implementation of masses-inspired reforms, and pointed out the weaknesses of the present reforms in Nigeria.

Policing Corruption In Nigeria: The ICPC and EFCC Compared
by J. Shola Omotola

The Incidence of Violence And Occult Ritualism In 2007 Yoruba Home Movie Releases
by Kolade Ajilore and Odunola Oyelade

This paper describes the decade of renaissance, locally scripted, edited and produced movies into Nigerian homes. It also analysis the moribund fortunes of the industry as a commercially successful venture. So meteoric was its transmogrification that the industry became a strategic keystone in the Nigerian Government Millennium Development Goal. However, this conquest of both the local and international market came with a litany of public apprehensions and outrage primarily traceable to the violent and occult content of these productions. Film makers frantically struggled to outdo one another as those who fail to glamorize violence compensated for the shortfall by romanticizing mysticism. Hinged on the stimulation, social learning and cultivation analysis theories, the study, after analyzing the content of fifty Yoruba films produced in 2007, concluded that the product of the industry still contain a high dosage of violent and fetish content.

Pattern of Information Sourcing and Utilization by Nigerian Students in Private Universities: A Case Study of Babcock University
by Rachael Folashade Aina

The study investigates the pattern of information sourcing and utilization by Nigerian students in private Universities with reference to Babcock University. Effective utilization of library information resources improves students' academic performance. Thus it is assumed that the pattern of information sourcing and utilization of information resources in private universities geared towards completion of assignment rather than research work. This research work is carried out to confirm if the assumption is right or wrong. The total population consisted of 360 students and 9 senior library staff. Data were collected through the use of questionnaire. A calculation of percentage and frequency table was adopted for data analysis. The findings revealed that, the purpose in which students sourced for information in the library is to complete assignments. Also the type of information sourcing for is based on subject in there various disciplines. The study also shows that students used the Internet for further research. Space constraint was the major problem affecting the effectiveness of library services. Among the recommendations make include the fact that students should be given adequate orientation on the use of the library. They should not be forced to go to the library for assignments alone. They need to have holistic education and develop themselves through the library by maximizing and using all the library resources. The University Administration is further encouraged to consider building a standard University Library in order to serve the students better.

BOOK REVIEW

A Roadmanp for Understanding African Politics: Leadership and Political Integration in Nigeria by Victor Oguejiofor Okafor

Reviewed by Saheed Aderinto

In this work of erudition, Okafor presents a discourse of leadership and political integration, two of the many controversial themes in post-independent African politics and society. Critics of Africa's development crisis identify the continent's problem as lack of leaders who have the acumen and charisma to pull their respective countries out of the quagmire of poverty, recession and political instability. The role of the followers in the achievement of the political agenda of the leaders is significant, but the credentials of leaders play a more important role in the quest towards political integration and nation building. (pg 106).

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