Volume 10, No. 1 & 2, 2013
Journal of International Politics and Development Index Vol. 10, No. 1 and 2, June 2013
Globalization and Corporate Social Responsibility: Transnational Corporations and Legitimacy Crisis
This paper examines the corporate social responsibility issues and the legitimacy crisis facing oil TNCs in Nigeria. It argues that neglect of CSR by oil TNCs has exacerbated environmental destruction and unsustainable livelihoods in the Niger Delta Region (NDR) of Nigeria. Consequently, the legitimacy of oil TNCs is being challenged. Communities in the NDR are demanding corporate social responsibility (CSR) and environmental accountability from oil TNCs. They have blown up oil installations, kidnapped oil workers, killed security operatives, and engaged the military in open combat. These have unsettled the Nigerian oil industry and contributed to the instability in the global oil market. Embracing CSR is a key to contain legitimacy crisis. Subsequent discussions are organized as follows: conceptual and theoretical framework; context of legitimacy crisis; Niger Delta region; oil TNCs and legitimacy crisis; ecological ramifications of the oil sector; and conclusion.
Faith-Based Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Women Empowerment in Nigeria
Economic and Social Impact of Environmental Policies in Trinidad and Tobago
This paper examines sustainable environmental issues in Trinidad and Tobago. It explores how environmental changes have been one of the most complex challenges facing Trinidad and Tobago. The paper uses interviews and survey questionnaire data to present an argument that Trinidad and Tobago will bear the brunt of the effect of environmental changes, even as it strive to overcome poverty and advance economic growth. The paper has two objectives. The first objective is to investigate the economic and social impact of environmental issues and policies in Trinidad and Tobago. The second objective is to evaluate the nature of sustainable environmental policies in Trinidad and Tobago. The paper concludes with a discussion of the survey results, limitations, and directions for future sustainable environmental research in the country. The future challenging goal for Trinidad and Tobago is the search for environmental pollution solutions and comprehensive new policies. Sustainable transformation in the future would require the industrial sector, governments, NGOs, and the citizens to act now, act differently, and act together.
Analysis of Urban Youth Unemployment in Ethiopia: The Case of Addis Ababa
China Foreign Aid to Africa: Analysis of the Social and Economic Impact of the Tazara Project in Tanzania
The paper examines Chinese aid relationship with Africa in the Tanzania-Zambia Railway (Tazara) aid project. It analyzes the socio-economic impact of the lives of the people of Tanzania. Following President Nyerere’s visits and appeals to China, in 1967, China agreed to finance the project. The paper adopts the interdependence theory as a framework for the analysis of Chinese aid and relationship with Africa. The findings of this paper indicate that the railway aid project was significant in a number of positive ways, and therefore, contributed to the development of the economy and the state of Tanzania. The Chinese involvement in the project demonstrated that despite the ravages of the Cultural Revolution, and the effect that this had on Chinese foreign policy, China remained committed to Africa.
Analysis of Knowledge Management and Market Culture in Jamaica
This paper examines knowledge management in the banking industry in Jamaica. It argues that an increasing number of organizations are incorporating knowledge management as a core strategy to enhance their organizational competitive advantage. The research reveals that organizational culture is a major barrier to creating and leveraging knowledge assets. This paper purported that the banking industry has been successful in recovering from the financial crisis because most of them have a market culture and therefore they are excellent at managing their knowledge assets. The implications of this study can be of significant value to organizations as they prepare to implement knowledge management initiatives. The findings could help organizations assess the likelihood that implementation of knowledge management initiatives will be successful or will increase the organization’s competitive advantage in relation to the current organizational culture.
Gender Politics, Media and Democracy in Nigeria
This paper examines gender politics in modern democracy in Nigeria. It argues that despite the increasing awareness and participation among women in the electoral politics, their representation has continued to remain low at all levels of government affairs. The paper argues that the media can expand the democratic slots for women through an aggressive promotion of their rights on the Nigerian political stage rather than being pessimistic in approaching the issues that affect women representation. The paper concludes that democracy can be more effective when women are given opportunity in the political forum and governance in Nigeria.
Book Title: Comparative Perspectives on Environmental Policies and Issues. New York, N.Y.: Routledge Press, by Professor Robert Dibie, 487 pages.
Comparative Perspective on Environmental Policies and Issues written by Professor Robert Dibie tackles the current and emerging trends in environmental policies and issues with the most comprehensive scholarship available. Professor Dibie gives practitioners and students a behind the scene looks at day-to-day environmental operations in several countries. The book examines environmental policy implementation, and the procedures undertaken across various levels of governments in several developed and developing countries. With a strong emphasis on environmental ethics, and environmental health the book introduces the theories and scholarly literature of the field while reflecting the latest trends and issues. The book is packed full with hands on application. Although the content of the book is well researched and the information professionally presented, I would have love to see maps of the countries discussed in the chapters. It would have been very helpful for the readers to see more photos of the relationship between human and the environment in all the countries researched. Despite these minor limitations, I understand that the publisher may require some limits to the words and photos that could be included in a text of this nature. I particularly like the author’s comment on the relationship between population and environmental pollution. Population, urbanization and urban centers exert both positive and negative environmental impacts. These impacts depend strongly on how human beings consume goods, utilize resources, produce goods, transport materials, and deal with waste.